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ip-world-utility-models

 

Utility models generally refer to patents with a lower term of protection and a lower requisite threshold of inventive step.  The table below seeks to provide a general guide as to the various characteristics and requirements of utility models around the world.

Other 

Country Limitations Term  Information PCT Divisional
[[google: Afghanistan {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Albania {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

No requirement for an inventive step.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

 

   
[[google: Algeria {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: American Samoa {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Andorra {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Angola {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Anguilla {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Antarctica {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Antigua And Barbuda {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Arab Emirates {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Argentina {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A power of attorney must be submitted within 3 months from the filing date.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

Must submit a request for examination within 3 years from the filing date of the application.

   
[[google: ARIPO{Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Protects any form, configuration or disposition of elements of some appliance, working tools and implements as articles of everyday use.

Must file a power of attorney if the applicant is not a resident in a State member of ARIPO.

Time limit applicable for entry into the national phase is 33 months.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

Novelty and inventive steps shall be applied to utility models.

   
[[google: Armenia {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

May be a product (device, composition, etc.) and a process/method, but may not relate to technical solutions on pharmaceutical or chemical substances as well as methods of human and animal treatment.

Novelty grace period is 12 months from disclosure of the information.

Undergoes a formalities examination 2-3 months from the filing date.

Utility model registration in Armenia takes about 1-2 years.

   
[[google: Aruba {Patent Utility Model}]]   6

Small Patent

May be granted for example for a product (machine, article of manufacture), process, or any new and useful improvement thereof.

Non patentable are discoveries, methods, aesthetic designs, systems, rules, methods, and abstract ideas.

Applications can be submitted in Dutch, English, Papiamentu or Spanish

   
[[google: Australia {Patent Utility Model}]]

5 claims

8

Innovation Patent

Examination is optional.  

May contain more than 5 claims before examination.  

May contain both apparatus and method claims.

Possible to divide from a standard application.

The 12 month Australian grace period applies to innovation patents.

Patent Office - http://www.ipaustralia.gov.au/get-the-right-ip/patents/types-of-patents/innovation-patent/

 Yes  Yes
[[google: Austria {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Gebrauchsmuster

Shall be granted for inventions in all fields of technology.

Covers additional protection for logic algorithm for computer software, processes, therapy methods for animals.

Has a novelty grace period of 6 months.

Requires a formalities examination

   
[[google: Azerbaijan {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

May be only a technical solution relating to the means of production, consumer goods or their components, constructive solutions and functional peculiarities.

Should relate to one utility model or a group of utility models, united by the single inventive idea.

Cannot protect processes, substances, strain of microorganisms.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

Registration of utility model takes about 2 years.

   
[[google: Bahamas {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Bahrain {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Bangladesh {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Barbados {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Belarus {Patent Utility Model}]]  

Utility Model

The utility model application may be only a technical solution related to devices and being new and industrially applicable.

A power of attorney may be submitted within 2 months from the date of filing.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

Examination must be requested within three years from the international filing date.

   
[[google: Belgium {Patent Utility Model}]]   6

Short Patent

Based on the "first to file" principle, which means that the first to file a patent request will be the patent holder, even if he is not the first to have invented the concerned invention.

Granted without a prior substantive examination.

Even if the invention is not new or if another condition is not met, a Belgian patent may still be issued for this invention.

A request for a Belgian patent may be filed in French, Dutch or German. No other translation is required for the validity of the request in Belgium.

 

   
[[google: Belize {Patent Utility Model}]]   7

Utility Model

An invention may be, or may relate to, a product or a process.

The utility model is non-renewable.

Legalization or notarization is not required.

   
[[google: Benin {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Bermuda {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Bhutan {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Bolivia {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

The Power of Attorney must be notarized and legalized up to the Bolivian Consulate in your country.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

The Request for Examination can be made within six months after the Publication date of the application.

   
[[google: Bosnia-Herzegovina {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Botswana {Patent Utility Model}]]   7

Utility Model

An invention that is new and industrially applicable, e.g. hand tools, mechanical implements etc.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

Requires a Power of Attorney in English.

   
[[google: Brazil {Patent Utility Model}]]   15

Utility Model

Has a grace period of 6 months with payment of additional fees.

The grant decision takes about 8 years.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

   
[[google: British Virgin Islands {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Brunei {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Bulgaria {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Utility Models have to have Industrial Application.

Shape, products, tool and apparatus are protected.

Application should be submitted in the Bulgarian language.

Inventive step is not required.

   
[[google: Burkina Faso {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Burundi {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Cambodia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Cameroon {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Canada {Patent Utility Model}]]    20

Utility Patent

Utility models are not offered in Canada.

They use the term “industrial design” to refer to a type of legal document which protects the visual appeal (design) of a product.

The term utility patent is used to describe a legal document which protects the inventive elements of a new device, material or process which makes that device, material or process useful.

Plant matters, some types of computer programs, and medical treatments within the body cannot be patented.

Has a grace period of 1 year.

   
[[google: Cape Verde {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Cayman Islands {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Central Africa {Patent Utility Model}]]    8

Utility Model

A utility model is deemed to be industrially applicable if it can be made or used in any kind of industry, including handicraft, agriculture, fishery and services.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

   
[[google: Chad {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Chile {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Protects instruments, apparatus, tools, devices, and parts.

Has a lower standard of inventiveness.

Shall file a Power of Attorney within 30 days from the date of entry into the national phase.

 

   
[[google: China {Patent Utility Model}]] Limited to Products 10

Utility Model

Protect the shape and structure of a product, or the combination thereof, which are fit for practical use.

Undergo a formalities examination.

http://english.sipo.gov.cn/news/official/201301/t20130105_782325.html

Sipo database search

   
[[google: Cocos Islands {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Colombia {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Protects any new form, configuration or arrangement of elements, of any device, tool, instrument, mechanism or other object or any part thereof.

It is not possible to file an application in any other foreign language as the Spanish translation is required for obtainment of the filing date.

Processes and matters are excluded from protection.

No legalizations are required.

   
[[google: Comoros {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Congo {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Congo Dem Rep {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Cook Islands {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Costa Rica {Patent Utility Model}]]   12

Utility Model

A utility model is any new layout or form obtained or introduced in tools, work instruments or known supplies, which allows a better function or a special function for their use.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

 

   
[[google: Croatia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Cuba {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Cyprus {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Czech Republic {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Technical solutions can be protected.

Technical designs exclude discoveries, scientific theories, mathematical methods, and mere modifications to product appearance

Undergoes a formalities examination.

The process of granting a utility model is usually completed in three to four months from the day the application is filed.

   
[[google: Denmark {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A utility model protects a product as well as the technical principle on which it is based.

Creations concerning methods and war material cannot be registered as a utility model.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

   
[[google: Djibouti {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Dominica {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Dominican Republic {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: East Timor {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Ecuador {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Can be granted for any new form, configuration, or layout of elements of any artifact or instrument

The Power of Attorney should be properly notarized and legalized in the Consulate of the Ecuador or using The Haya Agreement.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

Request for examination should be asked within 6 months from the publication.

   
[[google: Egypt {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: El Salvador {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Equatorial Guinea {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Eritrea {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Estonia {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A utility model may be a device, process, material or a combination thereof.

Methods of treatment and diagnostic methods practiced on the human or animal body and biotechnological inventions are not protected.

Only one invention can be applied for in one application.

Has a novelty grace period of 12 months from disclosure of the information.

You can challenge a utility model even after its period of validity.

   
[[google: Ethiopia {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model Certificate

Inventions which involve small adaptations of existing technologies and which are new in Ethiopia and industrially applicable can be protected by way of utility model certificates.

Undergoes a formalities examination

   
[[google: External Territories Of Australia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Falkland Islands And Dependencies {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Faroe Islands {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Fiji {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Finland {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A utility model can be used to protect a product or device.

Methods cannot be protected.

Undergoes a substantive examination.
   
[[google: France {Patent Utility Model}]]  

Utility Certificate

A utility certificate can be granted for any kind of invention including chemical products, processes and methods.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

No power of attorney is needed during the filing.

 

 

   
[[google: French Guiana {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: French Polynesia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Gabon {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Gambia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Georgia {Patent Utility Model}]]   8

Utility Model

Utility model protection does not cover the strains of micro-organisms, plant and animal tissue cultures, substances obtained by chemical methods, biotechnological and genetic engineering objects, use for a new purpose.

A utility model must relate to one utility model, i.e. have one independent claim.

Has a grace period of 6 months.

   
[[google: Germany {Patent Utility Model}]]  No methods  10

Gebrauchsmuster

Oral disclosures are exlcuded.

There is a grace period for 6 months of own prior use.  

Prior use overseas is excluded.

It is not possbile to protect methods.

Examination is not substantial.

Patent Office - http://www.dpma.de/english/utility_models/index.html

   
[[google: Ghana {Patent Utility Model}]]   7

Utility Model

Ghana is a first to file regime, not a first to invent, so filing is of paramount importance in protecting patent rights.

Does not necessarily require an inventive step.

   
[[google: Gibraltar {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Greece {Patent Utility Model}]]  

Utility Model

A utility model is granted to the holder of the right for a three-dimensional object with definite shape and form, capable of giving a solution to a technical problem and proposed as novel and industrially applicable.

The Utility Model Certificate may be granted for tools, implements, devices, vessels, components etc.

Discoveries, scientific theories, mathematical methods, aesthetic creations are not protected.

The first to invent has priority.

   
[[google: Greenland {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Grenada {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Guadeloupe {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Guam {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Guatemala {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Utility model refers to all forms, configurations or dispositions of elements of some artefact, tool, instrument, mechanism or other object, or of any of its parts.

Processes, Chemical substances or compounds and inventions related to living materials are not subject of utility model protection.

   
[[google: Guernsey and Alderney {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Guinea {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Guinea Bissau {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Guyana {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Haiti {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Honduras {Patent Utility Model}]]   15

Utility Model

The Power of Attorney should be legalised by the apostille or a Honduran Consulate.

All documents must be submitted in Spanish.

Undergoes a preliminary examination.

   
[[google: Hong Kong {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Hungary {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Utility model protection is granted for a solution relating to the configuration or construction of an article or to the arrangement of parts thereof.

The application is granted within 6 months from the date of filing.

Only one article is registerable in one application.

Has a grace period of 6 months.

   
[[google: Iceland {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: India {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Indonesia {Patent Utility Model}]]   10 

Simple Patent

Indonesia has a second-tier patent system which allows grant of Simple Patents.

A simple patent can be obtained for any invention in the form of a product or device, which is novel and possesses practical use values because of its shape, configuration, construction, or component.

Cannot be obtained for methods, processes or uses or ‘products by process’.

A simple patent shall not be applied for a compulsory license.

   
[[google: Iran {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Iraq {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Ireland {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Short Term Patent

The specification of a short-term patent application must not include more than five claims.

The is no search or examination carried out on short-term patents and they are granted automatically.

A short term patent will normally be granted within approximately six months.

   
[[google: Israel {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Italy {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Protects new models which improve the usability of machines, their components, utensils and implements in general.

Does not include protection of individual parts.

Cannot cover processes, methods, and chemical inventions.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

Applicants may only be represented professionally by qualified patent attorneys holding membership in the Italian Industrial Property Consultants Institute.

   
[[google: Ivory Coast {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Jamaica {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Japan {Patent Utility Model}]]

No methods

No compositions

No software

10 

Utility Model

Limited to products relating to the shape or structure of an article or combination of articles.  Includes immovable buidlings.

Chemical compositions, food products, sofware are not allowed.

Products that are the result of a method are not allowed.

Must undergo a formalities examination.

   
[[google: Jersey {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Jordan {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Kazakhstan {Patent Utility Model}]]  

Utility Model

A utility model shall be construed as an invention that imparts a new construction to means of production and consumer articles or parts thereof.

Undergoes a formalities examination within 2-3 after the filing date.

Utility model registration in Kazakhstan takes about 1 year.

   
[[google: Kenya {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Utility model means any form, configuration or disposition of element of some appliance, utensil, tool, electrical and electronic circuitry, instrument, handicraft mechanism or other object or any part of the same.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

   
[[google: Kiribati {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Korea North {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Korea South {Patent Utility Model}]] Limited to products 10

Utility Model

Limited to products relating to the shape or structure of an article or combination of articles. 

Undergoes a substantive examination.

Should submit a request for examination within 3 years from the filing date of the application.

Has a grace period of 6 months.

   
[[google: Kuwait {Patent Utility Model}]]   7

Utility Model

A utility model includes a new technical solution in the shape or formulation for equipment, means, tools, parts thereof or others which are used in commercial applications.

The Patent Office shall publish utility model applications within 6 months from the date of submitting the application.

The Power of Attorney should be legalized up to the Kuwaiti Consulate.

   
[[google: Kyrgyzstan {Patent Utility Model}]]   8

Utility Model

6 months novelty grace period for prior disclosure.

Undergoes a formalities examination.  Formalities examination may take 1.5 years.

A power of attorney is required within 2 months of filing.

   
[[google: Laos {Patent Utility Model}]]   12

Petty Patent

Petty patents are the official certificates issued to protect utility innovations.

Does not protect discoveries, schemes, rules or methods.

“First to file” is the rule followed by Laos in determining the priority of patents.

Most applications undergo a substantive examination.

Most is required by law to undertake such examination within 12 months from the filing date of application.

   
[[google: Latvia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Lebanon {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Lesotho {Patent Utility Model}]]   7

Utility Model

An invention will qualify for registration as a utility model if it is new and industrially applicable.

Discoveries, theories, methods, and processes are excluded from protection.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

   
[[google: Liberia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Libya {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Liechtenstein {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Lithuania {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Luxembourg {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Macau {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A utility model provides protection to inventions that alter the configuration, structure, mechanism, or arrangement that increases usage or improves the output.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

The system for the protection of patents in Macau is still generally regulated by the Portuguese system.

The power of attorney should be notarized in a Portuguese language.

Priority documents can be in English, Portuguese or Chinese.

   
[[google: Macedonia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Madagascar {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Malawi {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Malaysia {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Innovation

Limited to only 1 claim.

Cannot protect methods and processes.

Subjected to substantive examination.

   
[[google: Maldives {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Mali {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Malta {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Man(Isleof) {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Marshall Islands {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Martinique {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Mauritania {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Mauritius {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Mayotte {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Mexico {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A utility model protects objects, utensils, apparatuses or tools that display a different function with respect to their parts or utility as a result of a modification to their design, configuration, structure or form.

Inventive activity may or may not exist for utility models.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

   
[[google: Micronesia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Moldova {Patent Utility Model}]]   6-10

Short-term Patent

May apply to a product, process, or a new use of the already known product or process.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

A 6-month grace period term is applied only if disclosure took place at the international exhibition or by the third parties in bad faith.

   
[[google: Monaco {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Mongolia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Montserrat {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Morocco {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Mozambique {Patent Utility Model}]]   15 

Utility Model

Undergoes a formalities examination.

Involves a significant inventive activity.

Requirements should be in Portuguese. 

   
[[google: Myanmar {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Namibia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Nauru {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Nepal {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Netherlands {Patent Utility Model}]]   6

Short Term Patent

Limited to material products only.

Application for a Dutch patent can be filed in English; however, the claims will have to be drawn up in Dutch.

   
[[google: Netherlands Antilles {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: New Caledonia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: New Zealand {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Nicaragua {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Inventions must be novel, have inventive level and be susceptible to be industrially applicable.

Power of Attorney duly notarized and legalized before the Nicaraguan Consulate in your country.

All documents must be filed in Spanish or with its translation into Spanish.

   
[[google: OAPI {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A utility model is defined as “implements of work or objects to be utilised or parts of such implements or objects in so far as they are useful for the work or employment for which they are intended on account of a new configuration, a new arrangement or a new component device, and are industrially applicable”.

Industrially applicable means usable in any kind of industry, including handicraft, agriculture, fishery and services.

Does not protect discoveries, theories, methods, and processes.

 
   
[[google: Niger {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Nigeria {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Niue {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Norfolk {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Northern Mariana Islands {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Norway {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Oman {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Pakistan {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Palau {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Palestine {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Panama {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

The only thing a Panama utility model needs to prove to be accepted is that it is new and applicable for industrial use.

If the Power of Attorney is executed outside of the Republic of Panama, it must be legalised by apostille.

   
[[google: Papua New Guinea {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Paraguay {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Peru {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Protects any new shape of any device, tool, implement, mechanism or other object.

An application of utility model must be filed in Spanish language.

Prosecution of a utility model takes 1-3 years.

   
[[google: Philippines {Patent Utility Model}]]   7

Utility Model

A utility model may be applied for useful machines, tools, products, processes, or any improvement thereof.

Discoveries, theories, methods, aesthetic creations are not protected.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

   
[[google: Poland {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A utility model is any new and useful solution of a technical nature affecting shape, construction or durable assembly of an object.

A utility model can also be a set of detached elements.

Does not protect methods, programs for computers, and presentations of information.

Examination is not compulsory.

Registration process takes 3-5 years.

   
[[google: Portugal {Patent Utility Model}]]   6

Utility Model

A utility model cannot encompass inventions involving biological materials, or inventions involving chemical or pharmaceutical substances or processes.

Utility model applications only undergo a formal verification, unless substantive examination is requested by the applicant or other interested party.

The utility model protection runs for 6 years and can be renewed twice for additional periods of 2 years.

There is no grace period.

   
[[google: Puerto Rico {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Qatar {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Region AGIP {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Region ARIPO {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Region Benelux {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Region Eurasian {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Region Europe {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Region OAPI {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Region PCT {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Reunion {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Romania {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Russia {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A utility model patent is granted for any technical solution relating to an apparatus.

Is not granted for a process, as well as a substance, a micro-organisation strain, an animal or plant cell culture or other products, which are not considered to be an apparatus.

Terms of protection may be extended up to 3 years.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

Has a novelty grace period of 6 months.

   
[[google: Rwanda {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Sahara {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Saint Helena {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Saint Kitts and Nevis {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Saint Lucia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Saint Pierre And Miquelon {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Saint Tome {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Saint Vincent And The Grenadines {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Samoa {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: San Marino {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Saudi Arabia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Senegal {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Serbia and Montenegro {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Seychelles {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Sierra Leone {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

An invention qualifies for a utility model certificate if it is new and industrially applicable.

The “industry” shall cover handicraft, agriculture, fishery and services.

Methods and processes are not protected.

   
[[google: Singapore {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Slovakia {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Technical solutions which are new and industrially applicable shall be protected as utility model.

Product processes or work activities are not covered by a utility model.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

   
[[google: Slovenia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Smaller Territories Of Chile {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Smaller Territories Of Norway {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Smaller Territories Of The UK {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Smaller Territories Of The US {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Solomon Islands {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Somalia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: South Africa {Patent Utility Model}]]   10 

Functional Design

Protects features of pattern, shape or configuration of a design.

Integrated circuit topography, mask works, and a series of mask works can also be protected.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

Has a grace period of 6 months.

   
[[google: Spain {Patent Utility Model}]]

No methods

No compositions

10

Utilidad

Prior use overseas is excluded.

Publication on Espacenet may destroy novelty. The mere existence of a patent document at the Spanish Office may not be sufficient to destroy novely.  

Examination is not substantial.

Complex definition means that utility models are generally only granted for mechanical inventions.

Patent Office -

http://www.oepm.es/cs/OEPMSite/contenidos...

http://www.oepm.es/comun/documentos...

   
[[google: Sri Lanka {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Sudan {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Suriname {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Svalbard and Jan Mayen {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Swaziland {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Sweden {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Switzerland {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Syria {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Taiwan {Patent Utility Model}]]    10

Utility Model 

Is any innovation made with respect to the shape, structure or assembly of an article from a technical concept based on the natural laws.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

Renders an approval decision within 6 to 10 months for the formal examination.

   
[[google: Tajikistan {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Tanzania {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Terres Australes {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Thailand {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Petty Patent

Granted for any invention that is new and is capable of industrial application.

An inventive step is not necessary.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

   
[[google: Togo {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Tokelau {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Tonga {Patent Utility Model}]]   7

Utility Model

An invention qualifies for a utility model certificate if it is new and is industrially applicable.

The “industry” shall cover handicraft, agriculture, fishery, pharmaceuticals and services.

Methods and processes are not protected.

   
[[google: Trinidad and Tobago {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Certificate

A utility certificate may be granted only for an invention which is new and is capable of industrial application.

Doesn’t protect scientific theories, aesthetic creation, methods, and presentation of information.

Has a grace period of 1 year.

   
[[google: Tunisia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Turkey {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

A utility model does not require an inventive step.

Subject matters such as methods, processes, chemical compounds and compositions are not protected.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

Filing the Power of Attorney is not necessary.

   
[[google: Turkmenistan {Patent Utility Model}]]    10

Limited Patent

Undergoes a limited and substantive examination.

Request for a substantive examination should be done within 5 years from the date of filing.

The Power of Attorney should be provided within  months from the date of filing.

   
[[google: Turks and Caicos Islands {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Tuvalu {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Uganda {Patent Utility Model}]]   7

Utility Model

Grants protection for inventions that are new and industrially applicable.

Isn't necessary for the inventions to involve an inventive step.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

   
[[google: Ukraine {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Protects a product (device, substance, microorganism strain, plant or animal cells culture etc.); a process (method) as well as the novel use of a known product or process, which are new and industrially applicable.

A utility model invention may be referred to the state secret under the Law of Ukraine "On the State Secret".

Udergoes a formalities examination.

   
[[google: United Arab Emirates {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

Protects any inventions that have industrial applicability.

Does not grant protection for chemical inventions relating to foodstuffs, medical drugs or pharmaceuticals, but the particular processes or methods by which such products are made are protected.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

   
[[google: United Kingdom {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: United States of America {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Uruguay {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

All new disposition or conformation obtained or introduced in tools, work instruments, utensils, devises, equipment or other already known objects entailing an improvement in their use or in the result of their function are deemed patentable utility models.

Changes in shape or size of an object and processes are excluded from protection.

Utility models' term of protection may be extended once by the term of five years.

Undergoes a formalities examination.

   
[[google: Uzbekistan {Patent Utility Model}]]   8

Utility Model

The object of the utility model application may be only a device construction.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

Has a novelty grace period of 6 months from disclosure of the information.

   
[[google: Vanuatu {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Vatican {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Venezuela {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model

These shall be considered as any new shape, configuration, or arrangement of components of any device, tool, implement, mechanism or other object, or any part thereof.

Sculptures, architectural works, or objects that are purely aesthetic in nature; and processes and materials excluded from patent protection may not be the subject matter of utility model patents.

A model that is functional should be protectable, but there is no jurisprudence on this point.

 
   
[[google: Vietnam {Patent Utility Model}]]   10

Utility Model/ Utility Solution

A utility solution protects any form of a technical solution that is applicable to various social and economic fields.

Scientific theories, systems, methods, symbols, plant or animal  varieties, and design are not protected.

Undergoes a substantive examination.

The “first to file” principle is adopted in Vietnam.

The original Power of Attorney can be submitted within 34 months from the priority date.

   
[[google: Virgin Islands Of The United States {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Wallis And Futuna {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Yemen {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Yugoslavia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Zambia {Patent Utility Model}]]          
[[google: Zimbabwe {Patent Utility Model}]]          

 

Other Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utility_model

https://www1.gotomeeting.com/register/585383697  (Video)

https://www.ipo.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/Utility_Model_protection.pdf

Footnotes

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